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Belgium / Flanders

Teaching of psychology in Belgium / Flanders

In Belgium, education is the responsibility of the communities (Flemish Community, French Community, German-speaking Community). 


Psychology in secondary education


Psychology in Flanders is first taught in upper secondary education for students aged 14-18 and covers 4 years of education. The courses are based on the national curriculum and have been revised in 2023. Psychology is a compulsory course for students following a study track in the domain of Society and Welfare. In this field, students can choose a study track that prepares them for higher education (general education), the labour market (vocational education), or both higher education and the labour market (technical education). Psychology as an elective subject is not common.


Psychology is usually part of a cluster subject, which combines content from three disciplines: psychology, pedagogy and sociology (sometimes supplemented by content from law and political science). Psychology makes up the largest part of the cluster. 

On average, students have 5 hours per week of the cluster subject, which includes psychology during a whole school year.

Although courses are based on national curriculum standards, teachers/schools have considerable autonomy in selecting content, teaching methods and assessment.


Teacher training

To teach psychology at upper secondary level, one needs a Master’s degree in a relevant discipline (mainly psychology or educational sciences), supplemented by a teaching certificate specific to psychology, i.e. Master of Teaching Behavioral Sciences. 

Belgium / Flanders

There is currently no national association for psychology teachers in Belgium /Flanders, but it is hoped that an association will be established in future.

Machteld Vandecandelaere and Marleen Evers
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